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What you should know before buying land

Owning land to cultivate or build, whether it is a home or a business, is a much more complex task than it seems. The attention and study of different factors is essential to correctly choose the terrain. Otherwise, in the future you could face very important legal problems that will make you regret this purchase.

To avoid these problems and have the security of buying a land free of legal and economic charges, you must take several aspects into consideration. In this way, you will have a broad assessment of the land from all the necessary perspectives. To find out what you should know before buying land, we recommend that you continue reading this article.

cadastral situation

Before acquiring a property, you have to ask yourself what to consult before buying a piece of land. One of the first queries you should make is the cadastral situation: through the Cadastre page, you can collect basic data such as the surface area and the situation of the land.

However, you can also request a descriptive and graphic Cadastral Certificate before buying a piece of land to build on. With this certification, you will have all the data on the surface, the situation and the data of the owner or owners of the land. All the information collected must coincide with the data that appears in the deed of the land.

In the town hall corresponding to the town where the land is located, you can check if the owner is up to date with the payment of municipal taxes.

land registration

To find out if it is profitable to buy a piece of land, making a consultation prior to the registration situation is vital. In this way, you will be able to avoid any fraud attempt regarding a possible purchase. Request this information in the corresponding Property Registry and check the following factors :

  • The non-existence of mortgage guarantees or embargoes on the property.
  • The non-existence of limitations on the ownership of the property.
  • Verification of making the contract with the real owner of the land, not a third party without any right to the property.
  • The farm is totally free of charges.

Ordinances and buildability

Buying land and building a house is within the reach of anyone, but complying with a series of legal requirements. The buildability and occupation of the land are factors that must be checked beforehand because they can limit the dimensions of the planned building.

On the one hand, the maximum occupation of the land is the largest area that the building could occupy on the land. It is defined by a percentage with respect to the dimension of the terrain. The porches and terraces counted in the total occupancy depend on the corresponding council.

On the other hand, the concept of buildability refers to the total area in square meters that can be built on the land, either on one or different floors. There are also other factors that influence the design of a building such as the maximum height, the alignments with the street and the neighbors, the setbacks or the materials allowed.

Infrastructures and services

Doubts about whether it is time to buy a piece of land are understandable for any buyer, but the analysis of aspects such as services and infrastructure in the area helps to clarify them. And it is that the location must meet the essential conditions to build a building: water connections, urbanization, light, access and sanitation.

If the land lacks any of the conditions, a study is necessary on the feasibility of its installation and assess the cost that it would entail. The municipality provides this information.

urban situation

How to know if a piece of land belongs to the council before buying it? Consulting the town planning regulations of the town hall you will get the answer. Thus, you will obtain different data about the soil , that is, whether you can give it the use you intend or the type it is.

Legislation in Spain establishes three types of land: developable, non-developable and urban. Each indicates the permitted uses. Therefore, you will need to do the relevant checks to build without problems.

Existence of easements

The rights of way or use correspond to the right of the owner and third parties to use a part of the land. It is essential to check this aspect beforehand to find out if there are facilities on the surface, roads, antennas or a risk area.

One of the cases that you could find is that, through the land that you want to buy, a pipeline owned by a utility company, a neighbor or the town hall passes through. They are acquired rights that must be respected.

In the case of an easement, it is necessary to know its exact location. Other types of easements such as views and lights must also be taken into consideration.

Administrative expenses

To the costs derived from the construction and purchase of the land, you must add the corresponding administrative expenses. For example , notary expenses, transfer tax or payment of registration fees to the Property Registry.



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